顺丰彩票

重慶煙草史話

來源:東方煙草報 發布時間:2018-11-11 08:59

重慶種植煙草歷史悠久,據史料記載,唐、宋以來,煙草在經濟作物種植中居前四位。明代主要種植區在巫山、秀山兩縣。清初,巴縣、江津、榮昌等縣開始栽種,至清代中后期,各州縣已普種煙草,其耕作粗放,多系農民自發零星種植。隨著城鎮煙民增多,清康熙年間萬縣、城口出現絲煙作坊。煙民吸煙的方式,為使用水煙袋、斗煙袋、旱煙桿,自裹煙絲。

清光緒三十年(1904年),英國英美煙草公司派員來渝推銷卷煙,品牌為五支裝的“鯊船”“稱人”等品牌,由華人買辦徐子泉任總經銷。重慶人深恐再遭洋人愚弄,重蹈吸鴉片之覆轍,大多不愿購買。為打開銷路,徐子泉雇用樂隊,以洋鼓洋號開道,在城內大街小巷宣傳,對在商店購買一種用品的顧客或戲院里購買一張戲票的觀眾,免費贈送一包卷煙。他們甚至免費向各店鋪和行人贈送,歡迎試吸,漸漸有人接受,銷路慢慢打開。

1907年,重慶首開煙廠,用日本機器生產卷煙,銷路不旺。直至1922年,本埠市場一直被洋煙占據,間或有少量南洋兄弟煙廠的國貨。1928年,21軍財政處長甘績鏞和老板稅西恒合股,在市中區大溪溝開辦重慶大佛卷煙廠,生產“大佛”牌卷煙。1935年,蜀益煙草股份有限公司成立,設蜀益煙廠,生產“金錢”“主力艦”“大鵬”等品牌。

抗戰爆發,南洋兄弟煙草公司將漢口廠的部分設備和人員遷來重慶,在南岸彈子石征地建廠,取名重慶南洋煙廠,生產“花王”“金斧”“紅花”“雙喜”“黃金龍”等卷煙。1943年組成官商合辦的華福煙廠,生產“華福”“三六”“火炬”等牌號。因系全國經濟中心,此一時期重慶的機制、手工卷煙廠得到較迅速發展。據統計,1943年重慶有卷煙廠(坊)72個,為全國重要卷煙生產基地。

1952年,重慶市企業局將南洋、大漢、華福、大成、新國、南明等六個煙廠合并組成重慶煙草公司。“一五”期間進行社會主義改造,將私營建華、同成煙廠合并到南洋煙廠,使之成為唯一廠家,1968年更名為國營重慶卷煙廠。

經過1958、1963、1974年幾次更新改造,到2003年,重組的重慶卷煙廠年產卷煙80萬箱,此后逐年遞增。直轄后,萬州、涪陵、黔江地區煙廠并入,區縣小廠被關閉。

在煙民的記憶中,重慶眾多卷煙廠的老牌子數以百計,早年記得住的有“華福”“金斧”“南洋”“八百壯士”“火炬”“盟友”等品牌,解放初記得住的有“雙喜”“紅運來”“金麥利”“高射炮”“大司令”“天府”等品牌,1960~1970年代記得住的有“勁松”“嘉陵江”“迎春”“金穗”“重慶”“經濟”等品牌。如今,這些老品牌現已全部停產。

顺丰彩票

      <address id="hzjxb"></address>

        <sub id="hzjxb"></sub>

        <address id="hzjxb"><nobr id="hzjxb"><menuitem id="hzjxb"></menuitem></nobr></address>
        jxf963.com | www.06820c.com | www.348499.com | hh2649.com | www.x3410.com | 33115vv.com | www.ydb01.com | www.2955.cc | ff3336.com | www.7415.com | 0434311.com | www.54549966.com | www.20czj.com | pj00rr.com | www.567678.cc | 4546114.com | www.pj6366.com | www.768997.com | jsjlb11.com | www.55717r.com | 98.net | www.72msxfpta.com | 7196b.com | www.00618n.com | www.931499.com | 256777b.com | www.6666bj.com | 3967p.com | www.v38.me | 0332v.com | www.tw8888.net | ag8282g.com | nn500d.com | www.877565.com | pjshanxi.com | www.50999d.com | www.36787e.com | www.js07999.com | www.771247.com | www.a2a777.cc | www.556zf.com | 55818o.com | www.53900p.com | 50067e.com | www.ylylc03.com | 3457.com | www.62778822.com | 3640s.com | www.xpj8816.com | pj677.me | www.38775yy.com | 239239.com | www.c063801.com | a2848.com | www.4058ss.com | j2857.com | www.66vn777.com | 3089s.com | www.z063801.com | 0198811.com | www.88325u.com | 6002v.com | www.830217.com | 53358o.com | www.916177.com | qq365f.com | www.86267c.com | 预览6830y.com | www.76wcp.com | www.pj4666.com | www.674007.com | www.7025h.com | www.80065a.com | www.378878.com | 875856.com | www.4996gl.com | 93922x.com | www.0601.com | 800034338.com | www.825126.com | www.yl00444.com | 12743.com | www.27363s.com | u72227.com | www.amjs3456.com | 2458.com | www.857981.com | www.15515533.com | bs223344.com | www.45598g.com | js58333.com | www.3890l.com | www.588778.com | 228888c.com | www.rgcp555.com | 0033buyu.com | www.77016.cc | www.bf855.com | 5533412.com | www.222c7.cc | www.55268nn.com | www.y440044.com | 8827sss.com | www.5446uu.com | 7240b.com | www.281877.com | www.h7788v.com | d55789.com | 22589.com | www.7366005.com | 3522600.com | www.976500.com | www.558337.com | nn1331.com | www.3978x.com | www.5554dhy.com | 83378j.com | www.3032ee.com | 2455l.com | www.315332.com | www.baifu35.com | 11xx8332.com | www.66ffo.com | www.z6777.com | bet99499.com | www.50026c.com | www.67797g.com | 1458m.com | www.7920n.com | 496.ma | 138763.com | www.3066ee.com | 3178tt.com | www.163135.com | www.00773y.com | 9971003.com | www.262771.com | www.57800y.com | 90307q.com | www.725898.com | www.sss355.com | 88535y.com | www.9356y.com | www.xg289.net | 146662244.com | www.937182.com | www.58509.com | 6641818.com | 65560055.com | www.zun171.com | www.yh234g.com | 4647j.com | www.52072x.com | www.78949e.com | www.5966qqq.com | zhe988.com | www.80767u.com | www.63606.com | www.hj0888.com | 90307o.com | www.55qxc.com | www.138cpi.com | 8883.cc | 22552007.com | www.55228l.com | www.msc555.com | 61323366.com | 7172.us | www.91233l.com | www.66050.com | v997b.com | 8036.com | www.7714x.com | www.34563.com | mg437777.com | 9995z.cc | www.3416z.com | www.267185.com | 18775x.com | 67890u.com | www.730631.com | www.y8862.com | www.3459o.com | 3467u.am | 59889.cc | www.61655c.com | www.c53889.com | xpj66378.com | 8538y.com | www.444602.com | www.4350.vip | www.039898.com | am3144.com | 91019f.net | www.501251.com | www.68993229.com | www.095889.com | 62620029.com | hk6686.cc | www.50064i.com | www.57578d.com | www.4972n.com | www.00829t.com | bwin8m.com | 123456jj.cc | www.927836.com | www.js89n.vip | www.61355.com | js29391.com | 66681e.com | 3544p.com | www.964688.com | www.12345605.cc | www.ylc366.com | www.glc22.com | 550111.com | xpjbak2.com | www.558414.com | www.sx1822.com | www.7415w.com | www.1tgpd.com | 118184.com | 9679b.com | 3379.com | www.341977.com | www.52072p.com | www.678js888.com | www.9906132.com | www.hg098.com | 20053399.com | 7599kk.com | lll0055.com | www.852021.com | www.0270o.com | www.am9888.tw | www.666629.com | www.717818.am | 7792k.com | 04666h.com | 047106.com | 80850t.com | www.569799.com | www.25688g.com | www.0088psb.com | www.1168b.com | www.11777999.com | www.38200x.com | jjjj.com | wnsr828.com | 3304tt.com | 55005144.com | j1759.com | www.621351.com | www.16878s.com | www.3zq01.com | www.47506h.com | www.tc8802.com | www.3709885.com | www.7025y.com | www.jin444.com | tyc71.com | uu7742.com | 5651o.com | 1775r.com | 80892dd.com | 2997772.com | www.160883.com | www.586775.com | www.k796.com | www.52303z.com | www.55545.com | www.42070018.com | www.79095k.com | www.00772e.com | www.557244.com | www.444412.com | www.jty849.com | www.pj0056.com | www.588sun.com | www.hg6262.co | www.38200t.com | www.tyc9907.com | 50024422.com | 3222f.cc | jiuzhoukefu.com | zhcp86.com | www.50064n.com | www.87708e.com | www.b35tt.com | www.8473m.com | www.00773n.com | www.50054m.com | www.81608j.com | www.575477.com | www.9988kcd.com | www.780780b.com | 8569899.com | 2140099.com | 22yy8331.com | 88051.net | 5099yy.com | bm1398.com | 08820066com | 0234vv.com | 507767.com | 22098b.com | 8547jj.com | 746bm.com | 7055000.com | 5003tt.com | www.hg8786.tv | www.32126p.net | www.hg8707.com | www.798012.com | www.520935.com | www.391411.com | www.112669.com | 5360jj.com | 2338090.com | 8790w.com | 3679pp.com | 8522wwww.com | 2767m.com | www.6491z.com | www.32925.com | www.888wa.com | www.g92776.com | www.958661.com | www.ykylc06.com | www.08588t.com | www.ybao1.com | www.547377.com | 8449gg.com | 53262l.com | 238228.com | t1458.com | 2490j.com | 2595n.com | www.mgm8699.com | www.hg2425.com | www.345066.com | www.4136v.com | www.86339x.com | www.86267p.com | www.881805.com | www.178357.com | 4066r.com | hhgz1144.com | y5429.com | www.2373n.com | www.921599.com | www.663566.com | 61323388.com | 0038633.com | ddd5657.com | 3016xxx.com | www.13658017870.com | www.438666.com | www.62979w.com | www.50064n.com | www.526609.com | d2554.com | 8159p.cc | 139973.com | www.3657h.com | www.xycp98.net | www.js18688.com | www.701497.com | 234blg.com | 3679pp.com | 5509n.com | www.hg0019.com | www.565636.com | www.27280.cc | www.52303e.com | 30150011.com | zhcp76.com | www.36989c.com | www.33111199.com | www.07163p.com | www.68568e.com | 3y.com | 56988y.vip | www.239888.com | www.xpj816.com | www.997666.com | 3807pp.com | 9569822.com | www.xin888222.com | www.3hg6668.com | www.8499u.com | gyhose.com |